The Power of Claim, Evidence, Reasoning: A Foolproof Example

Hello there, dear reader! Welcome to our blog where we dive deep into the fascinating world of effective writing techniques. Today, we are going to explore a powerful tool called “Claim, Evidence, Reasoning” or CER for short. As a copywriter, I cannot stress enough the importance of utilizing this foolproof method to craft persuasive and well-supported arguments.

So, what exactly is CER and why should you care about it? Well, my friend, let me enlighten you. CER is a framework commonly used in various fields, from science to literature, to construct solid arguments backed by evidence and logical reasoning. It is an essential tool that can elevate your writing to a whole new level of credibility and persuasiveness. Whether you’re writing an essay, a blog post, or even a sales pitch, mastering the art of CER will undoubtedly strengthen your content and captivate your audience.

What is Claim Evidence Reasoning Example?

Definition and Purpose

Claim Evidence Reasoning (CER) is a widely utilized framework in scientific writing that serves to bolster arguments and draw conclusions. Through the use of this approach, writers can present a claim, provide supporting evidence, and employ reasoning to explicate the link between the claim and evidence. This article delves into the importance and relevance of employing CER examples in different scenarios.

The Significance of Claim Evidence Reasoning Examples

Claim Evidence Reasoning examples hold great significance in facilitating clear and logical thinking, particularly within the realm of scientific writing. By presenting claims alongside corresponding evidence and reasoning, the CER framework helps writers construct well-rounded arguments that are rooted in solid evidence. These examples effectively demonstrate the thought process and logical deductions made by the writer, allowing readers to understand the rationale behind their claims.

The use of CER examples also aids in promoting critical thinking skills. When readers encounter these examples, they are encouraged to evaluate and analyze the evidence presented, assess the soundness of the reasoning provided, and form their own conclusions. Consequently, CER examples play a pivotal role in fostering scientific literacy and encouraging readers to engage actively with the subject matter.

Application of Claim Evidence Reasoning Examples

The application of CER examples extends beyond the confines of scientific writing and can be employed in various contexts. One such area is academic writing. In subjects like history, literature, and sociology, utilizing CER examples can strengthen arguments and provide a solid foundation for claims being made. By explicitly presenting evidence and linking it to well-reasoned explanations, CER examples enhance the credibility and persuasiveness of academic papers.

In addition to academic writing, CER examples find great utility in the realm of public discourse and debates. Whether in politics, environmental issues, or social activism, individuals often rely on claims and evidence to support their arguments. By utilizing the CER framework, speakers and writers can present clear and logical examples that showcase the reasoning behind their claims. This not only makes their arguments more persuasive but also helps them effectively communicate their viewpoints to a wider audience.

The Components of Claim Evidence Reasoning Examples

In order to create effective CER examples, it is important to understand the key components involved.

1. Claim

The claim is the main argument or statement being made. It should clearly express the writer’s viewpoint or perspective on a particular topic. The claim serves as the foundation for the entire CER example, and all further arguments and evidence will revolve around it.

2. Evidence

Evidence is the information or data that supports the claim being made. It can come in various forms such as statistical data, research findings, expert opinions, or direct observations. The evidence should be relevant, reliable, and representative of the overall argument being presented.

3. Reasoning

Reasoning is the connective tissue that explains the logical link between the claim and the evidence. It involves providing a clear and rational explanation of how the evidence supports the claim. Reasoning should be logical, coherent, and free from fallacies to ensure that the argument is convincing to the readers.

Example of Claim Evidence Reasoning

To better illustrate the concept of CER, let’s consider an example in the context of climate change:

Claim: Increased carbon dioxide emissions from human activities are the leading cause of global warming.

Evidence: Numerous scientific studies have documented the rise in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere, which directly correlates with the increase in average global temperatures over the past century.

Reasoning: Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas that traps heat in the Earth’s atmosphere, preventing it from escaping into space. The increase in carbon dioxide emissions from activities such as burning fossil fuels and deforestation leads to a greater concentration of greenhouse gases, intensifying the greenhouse effect and resulting in global warming.

In this example, the claim clearly presents the writer’s viewpoint on the cause of global warming. The evidence provided in the form of scientific studies establishes the relationship between carbon dioxide emissions and rising temperatures. The reasoning offered explains the mechanism by which increased carbon dioxide levels contribute to global warming.

By employing the CER framework, writers can effectively communicate complex ideas and arguments in a structured and logical manner.

Importance of Using CER Examples

When it comes to explaining complex concepts in English, the use of claim evidence reasoning (CER) examples can greatly enhance understanding. By providing real-life scenarios or experiments as evidence, these examples make it easier for readers to grasp abstract ideas or theories.

Enhancing Understanding

CER examples serve as a bridge between difficult concepts and the readers’ comprehension. Instead of relying solely on theoretical explanations, these examples bring the concepts to life by grounding them in reality. For example, instead of explaining the concept of gravity solely through equations and scientific jargon, a CER example might describe a scenario in which an apple falls from a tree, providing concrete evidence of the force of gravity at work. By relating the concept to something tangible and relatable, readers are more likely to understand and retain the information.

Fostering Critical Thinking

Utilizing CER examples also fosters critical thinking skills among readers. Instead of passively accepting the information presented to them, readers are encouraged to critically assess the evidence provided and evaluate the reasoning behind a claim. This analytical approach cultivates a deeper understanding of the subject matter and helps readers develop their own reasoning abilities. By challenging readers to question and evaluate the evidence and reasoning presented in CER examples, they are more likely to develop strong critical thinking skills that can be applied to a wide range of situations.

Building Persuasive Arguments

Another significant benefit of using CER examples is their ability to construct persuasive arguments. By presenting factual evidence and logical reasoning, these examples add credibility to the claim being made, making it more persuasive to the reader. When readers see concrete evidence and well-constructed reasoning, they are more likely to be convinced by the argument being presented. For instance, if someone is trying to persuade others about the importance of recycling, a CER example might include statistics on the negative environmental impact of not recycling and logical reasoning about the long-term benefits of sustainable practices. These examples not only make the argument more persuasive but also help readers understand the importance of the issue.

In conclusion, the use of CER examples in English language articles has several benefits. They enhance understanding by relating complex concepts to real-life scenarios, foster critical thinking by encouraging readers to evaluate evidence and reasoning, and build persuasive arguments by adding credibility to the claims being made. By incorporating CER examples into their writing, authors can ensure that their readers have a clearer understanding of the subject matter and are more likely to be persuaded by their arguments.

Steps to Create Effective CER Examples

Research Thoroughly

Before creating a strong CER example, it is crucial to conduct thorough research and gather extensive information and evidence from reliable sources. The more comprehensive your research, the more compelling your argument will be. Exploring various sources such as books, scholarly articles, and reputable websites will help you gain a deeper understanding of the topic and collect a range of perspectives and evidence to support your claim.

Choose Relevant Evidence

When crafting a CER example, it is essential to carefully select evidence that directly aligns with and supports your claim. The chosen evidence should be pertinent to the specific topic you are discussing. It should add value to your argument and strengthen the example’s overall impact. To ensure the effectiveness of your evidence, consider its relevance, reliability, and credibility. Using up-to-date evidence is particularly important, as it demonstrates that you are well-informed and aware of the latest developments in the field.

Clearly Explain the Reasoning

In order to construct a convincing CER example, it is vital to provide a clear and logical explanation of the reasoning behind the connection between your claim and the supporting evidence. The reader should be able to understand how the evidence directly supports the claim you are making. To achieve this, emphasize cause-and-effect relationships or correlations between the claim and the evidence. By clearly illustrating the logical thought process behind your example, you enhance its persuasiveness and make it easier for the reader to follow your argument.

A well-executed CER example not only presents a claim backed by evidence but also demonstrates critical thinking skills and the ability to articulate a strong reasoning process. By conducting thorough research, choosing relevant evidence, and clearly explaining the reasoning, your CER example will be more effective in persuading your audience and supporting your argument.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

Inadequate Evidence

One common mistake that writers make when using the claim evidence reasoning example format is providing weak or insufficient evidence to support their claim. This can greatly weaken the argument and undermine the credibility of the claim. It is important to ensure that the evidence presented is substantial and specific.

When selecting evidence, it is crucial to choose reliable and relevant sources that support the claim being made. Including statistics, facts, research findings, and expert opinions can greatly enhance the strength of the evidence. Additionally, it is important to consider the counterarguments and address them with strong and compelling evidence.

By providing adequate and strong evidence, the writer can establish a solid foundation for their argument and increase the persuasive power of their claim.

Lack of Clarity in Reasoning

Another mistake writers often make is failing to clearly explain the reasoning behind their claim. This lack of clarity can confuse readers and leave them unconvinced. To avoid this, it is essential to dedicate sufficient attention to connecting the dots between the claim and the evidence.

The reasoning should be logical and easy to follow, guiding the readers step by step from the claim to the supporting evidence. One effective way to accomplish this is by using transitional words and phrases such as “therefore,” “because,” “since,” and “thus” to establish a clear link between the claim and the evidence.

Furthermore, writers should consider using logic and reasoning techniques such as deductive reasoning, inductive reasoning, or cause and effect relationships to strengthen their arguments. By clearly explaining the reasoning behind the claim, writers can enhance the persuasive impact of their article and ensure that readers understand and accept their point of view.

Biased or Inaccurate Examples

Selecting biased or inaccurate examples is another common mistake to avoid when using the claim evidence reasoning example format. Using such examples can lead to flawed conclusions and weaken the overall argument.

It is crucial to choose examples that accurately represent the claim being made and are free from personal biases. This can be achieved by conducting thorough research and selecting examples that are based on credible sources. Writers should avoid cherry-picking examples that only support their claim while ignoring contradictory evidence.

Additionally, it is important to consider the diversity of examples to provide a well-rounded perspective. Including various examples that represent different situations, demographics, or contexts adds credibility and strengthens the overall argument.

By selecting accurate, reliable, and unbiased examples, writers can ensure that their argument remains strong and their conclusions are valid.

Examples of CER in Different Fields

Scientific Research

In the field of scientific research, the use of Claim Evidence Reasoning (CER) is incredibly common. It is utilized by researchers to effectively present their findings and support their hypotheses. During the course of experiments and data analysis, scientists provide substantial evidence to back their claims. By utilizing logical reasoning, they explain their conclusions in a coherent manner.

Legal Argumentation

Lawyers frequently rely on CER when presenting their arguments in court. The utilization of CER is essential in constructing a strong and persuasive case. Lawyers make claims that are well-supported by various forms of evidence, such as witness testimonies, documents, and legal precedents. Reasoning plays a crucial role in establishing causality and reinforcing the foundation of their arguments.

Academic Writing in Education

CER is extensively used in academic writing, particularly in the field of education. In this context, CER is employed to analyze and evaluate educational practices or interventions. Education-related studies and classroom observations are used as evidence to support claims. Additionally, reasoning is employed to explain the impact of these practices on the educational landscape.

Closing Thoughts

Thank you for taking the time to read our article on the power of claim, evidence, and reasoning. We hope that you found it informative and insightful, and that it has given you a deeper understanding of this foolproof method. By employing the CER framework, you can confidently make arguments that are supported by evidence and logic, making your point of view stronger and more persuasive.

We encourage you to revisit this article whenever you need a refresher on the power of claim, evidence, and reasoning. By practicing this method and incorporating it into your own writing and critical thinking, you can enhance your persuasiveness and ability to communicate effectively. So, the next time you need to make a compelling argument or present a well-reasoned position, remember the CER approach and watch your ideas flourish!


1. What is the CER framework?

The CER framework is a method used to construct and support arguments. It consists of making a claim, providing evidence to support that claim, and presenting valid reasoning to connect the claim and evidence.

2. How can I use the CER framework in my writing?

To utilize the CER framework in your writing, start by clearly stating your claim. Then, provide evidence such as facts, data, or examples to support your claim. Finally, explain the reasoning behind how your evidence backs up your claim.

3. Why is the CER framework important?

The CER framework is crucial because it helps you build strong and convincing arguments. By using this method, you ensure that your claims are supported by evidence and logical reasoning, making your arguments more compelling and persuasive.

4. Can the CER framework be applied to different subjects?

Yes, the CER framework can be applied to various subjects and disciplines. Whether you’re writing an essay for a science class or presenting a case in a debate, the CER framework can help you structure and support your arguments effectively.

5. Is the CER framework limited to formal writing?

No, the CER framework can be used in both formal and informal writing. It is a versatile method that can enhance your persuasive abilities in any written or verbal communication.

6. How do I ensure that my evidence is reliable?

When selecting evidence, it is important to use reliable and credible sources. Look for information from reputable publications, academic journals, experts in the field, or verified statistics and studies.

7. How long should the reasoning part be?

The length of the reasoning part may vary depending on the complexity of your claim and evidence. It should be long enough to connect your evidence with your claim but concise enough to maintain clarity and coherence.

8. Can the CER framework be applied to personal experiences or opinions?

Yes, the CER framework can be applied to personal experiences or opinions. In this case, you would present your claim based on your personal perspective and then provide evidence or examples from your own life to support your claim. The reasoning part would explain why your personal experiences or opinions are relevant and valid.

9. Can the CER framework help in decision-making?

Absolutely! The CER framework can assist in decision-making by providing a systematic way to evaluate and analyze different options. By considering claims, evidence, and reasoning, you can make more informed and logical decisions.

10. Where can I learn more about the CER framework?

There are various online resources and educational websites that provide further information on the CER framework. Additionally, you can consult academic writing guides and textbooks that cover the topic in more detail.